Eksistensi Bahasa Namblong dan Faktor-faktor Penyebab Pergeseran di Kabupaten Jayapura
The Namblong language is one of the endangered languages. The language is located in Jayapura Regency and has been in contact with speakers of other languages for a long time. Many speakers are not fluent in the language. Many of the older and younger generations have switched to using Papuan Malay in their daily speech. This study aims to describe the existence of the Namblong language and the factors that influence language shift. The approach of this research is sociolinguistic. Data collection methods used observation, interviews and questionnaires. Data analysis method is inductive method. The location of this research is in eleven villages, namely Sermai Atas, Samaikrang, Imsetum, Sermai Bawah, Imeno, Kaitemung, Benyom, Kuimeno, Meyu, Yakotim, and Genyem Besar. The causes of the Namblong language shift are divided into two, namely linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Linguistic factors, namely the namblong language is a spoken language, the duration of the use of Indonesian/Malay is more than the namblong language, the namblong language has become a passive language, and the narrative of namblong is accustomed to the structure of Indonesian/Malay so that it interferes with language, translating code, and mix code. Non-linguistic factors are socio-cultural factors, geography, politics, economy, religion, and education.
ÂKey words : existence, Namblong, shifting, Jayapura Regency
Brown, Douglas, H. 2001. Teaching By Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. Second Edition, New York: Sun Fransisco State University.
Chaer, A. & Agustina L. 2010. Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.
Clark, H. Herbert and Eve V. Clark. 1977. Psychology and Language. New York:Harcout Brace.
Cook, Vivian. 1991. Second Language Learning and Language Teaching. New York:Chapman and Hall.
Dorian, Nancy. 1978. â€œThe Dying Dialect and The Role of The Schools : East Sutherland Gaelic and Pensylvania Dutchâ€, dalam J. Alatis (Ed.), Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics 1978. Washington : Georgetown University Press.
Fautngil, Christ. 2010. â€œTingkat Kebertahanan Bahasa-bahasa di Papuaâ€ paper presented in The International Conference On Papua Cultural Diversity in the Mosaic on Indonesian Culture â€œ.
Giay, Agust M. 2005. Kajian Linguistic: Morphology and Phonology Bahasa Suku Nimboran Kerja sama dgn Bappeda Kab Jayapura.
Hymes, Dell. 1973. Foundations in Sociolinguistics : An Ethnographic Approach. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press.
Krauss, M. 1992. The Worldâ€™s Languages in Crisis. Language, 68, 4-10.
Silzer Peter J. dan Clouze Helja H. 1991. Index of Irian Jaya Languages. Jayapura : Kerja Sama Uncen-SIL.
Tondo, F.H. 2009. â€œKepunahan Bahasa-Bahasa Derah: Faktor Penyebab dan Implikasi Etnolinguistik. Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya, Volume 11 No.2 Hal. 277-296.